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Not too many people would expect that in this extremely beautiful city, which has celebrated its 100 years of existence as a town in 2001, traces of its existence go back as far as the Stone Age. Sopot and the surrounding area took shape during last ice age in the quaternary epoch known as the Pleistocene.The topography varies highly, and for that reason, it is a difficult area for archaeological surveys. Most of the area is densely developed and the rest is covered by forest and vegetation, giving little room for excavations. Although the very early settlements were possibly established just after the Ice Age about 9 000 years ago, there are no remains older than those from the early Stone Age when hunters used to chase herds of reindeers through the tundra. Various antiques made of flint date from youngest epoch of the Stone Age known as the Neolithic Age were found in Sopot. Most of the items are small pieces of flint which were left as the result of the shaping of larger pieces. Some of them, after further development were used as arrow or spear heads. One of the most interesting relics of the Stone Age is a small hatchet with two sharp edges, which was made during a period in the early Stone Age called the Culture of Cup Funnels, found in Sopot. It was found by accident in 1960 on the hills surrounding Okrezna Street and placed in the Museum of Archaeology in Gdansk . Many clay utensils from the Stone Age are decorated with the imprint of ropes known as the Culture of Rope Ceramic, which were found in Sopot are some of the strongest evidences of early migrations, most likely shepherds following their herds.
We do not have any relics in Sopot from the Bronze Age (1800 - 1400 BC). More substantial evidence dates from Iron Age (about 700 BC), which indicates that Sopot and the surrounding areas were inhabited by early tribes. Mainly, there are cemeteries with graves built from small wooden boxes surrounded by stones. The burial form is characteristic of the early Iron Age when the Kasubian Group developed into East Pomeranian culture. On one of those graves in a small forest, which belonged to Archwasser Villa located on the corner of Smolna Street and Niepodleglosci Avenue, Gdansk Museum conducted an archaeological survey during which 11 clay urns were found with glass, amber, necklaces along with other artwork. From the same place comes a cinerary urn with the sun and a star engraved on the neck, the only one which remains to this day. More wooden box graves have been discovered on a sandy hill next to the rifle-range, where facial cinerary urns have been excavated. Similar graves with cinerary urns were also found in Swiemirowo, one of Sopot's districts. In 1938 during the construction of a stadium, pieces of household dishes and other tools were found. In 1959, two cinerary urns were found in a wooden box grave in a garden on 25/27 Slowacki Street . Also, small treasures were found consisting of two rich decorated rings dated to the Iron Age (550 - 400 BC), which were part of a breast - plate. Between 100 BC and 400 BC the entire region of Sopot and the Gdansk Gulf was inhabited by tribes of the Oksywska and Wielbarska culture, who left many traces including graves found between Sopot and Gdansk . Flourishing trade with the Roman Empire resulted in many relics being buried in the ground, being found from time to time in Sopot. One of the most interesting treasures were Roman Dinars found in the garden on Kasprowicza Street, with more Arabic and Roman coins being found on the beach and on Reymonta Street. Also, close to Sopot on the road to Oliwa two coins were found in 1903 and 1910. One of them was a bronze coin of Antoninus Pius and a silver dinar of Trajan, who were Roman Emperors. In Sopot and surrounding neighbourhoods during archaeological surveys between 1918 - 1939 and during 1980s, it was known as an archaeological map of Poland . 42 sites were registered, dating mainly from the Iron Age and the middle ages (800 - 900 AD). Those sites are areas of early inhabitation, relics and some real treasures as pointed above.
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